Apa In Text Citation Multiple Authors

Both authors. Authors are formatted the same in all material formats. Here is what you should do to create a proper citation. Include the first six authors' or editors' names, then insert three ellipsis points and add the last author or editors name in the Reference List. APA CITATION STYLE HAS TWO KEY PARTS Ò Parenthetical or in-text citations Ò Reference list Ò These two parts work together. Use the first author and et al. Although many may consider this process daunting, it is quite easy. Do not italicize title if a journal article or book chapter. Citing Works with No Author When a work has no author, cite a few words of the reference list entry (usually the title and the year). To cite a work that only has two authors. Whether you're referencing an academic article, a movie quote or a website, APA style makes it easy to cite the author or creator within the text. APA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). 1 "Basic Citation Styles" in the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition. APA requires that the author's last name and the document's date of publication be included in all in-text citations. In-text citations usually supply the author(s)’ last name to reference their work, but when the source has no known author or more than one source by the same author is cited, the title of the source is inserted instead. in press-c Use this format each time the references are used in-text. In-Text One Work by Two to Five Authors [6. Multiple author names are separated using a comma. ” after…(Bradley et al. The in-text citation only contains the author’s last name and year of publication, e. Note: in an APA in-text citation, the page number is abbreviated, but not the chapter. More specifically, an edited book is one that is divided into chapters, each of which is written by a different author or group of autho. APA style uses the author's name and publication date. According to the Pocket Guide to APA Style by Robert Perrin, you'll use the following format for a pamphlet or brochure in your APA reference list: Last name, First initial(s) or Organization Name (if given). (Year of publication). This style is similar to MLA, but there are small but important differences. In-text citations Capitalize all major words in titles within the body of the paper (Rule 4. In APA Style, there are two elements needed to properly cite each of your sources: The reference list entry - information about the article that appears at the end of your paper in the list of references. First author et al. For citations in brackets with two authors the ‘&’ symbol is used. Do check with the instructor before including DOI or the document number in the reference list entry. (Brown & Black, 2010) OR “Brown and Black (2010) indicate that…”. No Author In-text It has been stated (Psychological effects. Each in-text citation is listed alphabetically in the reference list. APA Citation Style, 6th Edition APA Citation Style offers a consistent way of citing sources in research papers. (Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year) NOTE: Although the first in-text citation for a work with three to five authors/editors includes all of the names of the authors/editors, subsequent citations include only the first author's/editor's surname, followed by et al. Authors using and citing sources on the World Wide Web (i. ), Authors of Plant Names, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (1992), will in general be used, except for Chinese authors (see. Resource Citation in APA Style. REFERENCE TECHNIQUES: Tips for the use of electronic sources HARVARD method and APA style In-text reference where the author of the source is known or citation. National Geographic. Two authors are separated with a comma and an ampersand ( & ) Example: Smith, J. When citing books, videos, brochures, journals, reports, etc. • References that are more than one line should be indented 5 space 2. Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. If you are not directly quoting the material or if you are referencing an entire book, article, or other work, you do not need to include a page number. second time: Smith et al. This easy-to-use, comprehensive guide makes citing any source easy. author-date citation system. If no author is listed, title words are used in the citation. I have no problem with the initial in-text citation but the issue arise when I am using subsequent citations for both of these studies. ', meaning 'and others'. If you have multiple citations from the same author, there is a known Word 2010 bug where the citation generator fills in the publication title when it's not supposed to. 12): 1-2: Always use each author’s name. You can include up to five names of the authors, but in the subsequent in-text citation for works with more than two authors, write only the last name of the first author followed by et al. Give all authors the first time you cite them; In subsequent citations, give only the first author and et al. The first time you use the source in the paragraph as part of the sentence, give the citation of the author's name and year (even if you already used a parenthetical. Per the APA Manual (6th edition), p. The punctuation in your own writing follows the parenthetical citation. In-text citations Capitalize all major words in titles within the body of the paper (Rule 4. Three to Five Authors or Editors Tips for creating in-text. Question: How to cite multiple authors in APA. It is also used in the reference list. This style is similar to MLA, but there are small but important differences. A shortened version of the source’s title (often only one or two words) is used instead of the author in the in-text citation in these situations (“Writing for television”). Multiple authors in an in-text citation in Word Office 365 Even though I add all the authors names in the Source box, only the first author's name and year appear in the in-text citation. APA recommends in-text citations that refer readers to a list of references. Double space the text, and don't put quotation marks around it: insetting the text takes the place of quotation marks. Order the citations of two or more works by different authors within the same parentheses alphabetically in the same order in which they appear in the reference list (including citations that would otherwise shorten to et al. The in-text citation includes author, year of publication, and page number for reference. This can be done multiple ways: In text citations at the beginning of a statement: Anderson, Ferro, and Hilton (2005) suggest that computer science is an important subject to study in college. If you cite the same source a second time in the same paragraph , you do not need to mention the year a second time. This guide will help you cite sources in APA Citation Style 6th Edition. These group authors are spelled out in every text citation. For one or two authors, always mention the names of all authors. (Date of publication). APA paraphrase citation prevents you from committing plagiarism and getting into trouble. APA recommends in-text citations that refer readers to a list of references. or other such abbreviations. Long quotes are off-set from the left margin by ½ inch. Different First Authors Share a Surname But Have Different Initials. With author name citations, use both names if a reference has two authors (Jones and Smith, 2002). for subsequent references. APA Referencing Style Guide This page provides APA information and examples for students and staff of the University of Waikato. The author-year model always appears at the end of the sentence in parentheses. A citation must appear in two places in your essay: in the body of your text ("in-text citations") and in the reference list (at the end of your paper). The APA referencing style is an "author-date" style, so the citation in the text consists of the author(s) and year of publication given wholly or partly in round brackets. In addition, page numbers should be included when quoting directly from a source and you are encouraged to provide page numbers when paraphrasing (rephrasing a short passage). • References that are more than one line should be indented 5 space 2. APA Style for Citing References APA style requires two elements for citing outside sources: brief parenthetical citations in the text of a paper, and a detailed References list at the end. This resource, revised according to the 6th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. Which citation is correct?. 11) APA style uses an author-date format for in-text citations. Narrative Example:. Use the first author and et al. Here is what you should do to create a proper citation. Check out the basic in-text citation format required for APA here. in press-c Use this format each time the references are used in-text. 2) Use "et al. How to Cite Multiple Authors in APA - Writing In-Text Citations List the last names of the authors. The formatting does not vary due to format type, however it may deviate from the norm due to factors such as: number of authors, organization instead of individual author, lack of author, or lack of date. Instead, list all of the authors at their first mentioning. If the title is a book or webpage, italicize title and end with a period. The information below is still following the 6th edition. If you include the names in the phrasing of your sentence you would make sure to write out the word "and. If no author is listed, title words are used in the citation. Below are the guides and examples that will help you in writing in-text citations. No periods at end of citation (every citation should end with a period). Cite a Whole Paragraph in APA 6th Edition Students often wonder how they can cite an entire paragraph from the same source. Authors in APA Format. Three to Five Authors List all the authors within the text of your sentence or in parentheses the first time you cite the source. Text citations and second time the basic in text citations that information in text and to ball, for parenthetical citation style which the same author multiple works by the last name the text of the apa 6th style uses the author's last name either placed within the ampersand sign to fill multiple times in courses such as needed. Parenthetical (In-Text) References in APA Style Parenthetical references are used within the text of your paper to lead the reader to your reference list. In APA Style the in-text citations provide at least the author’s last name and the year of publication. Two methods are utilized, as follows: Within the text itself, a reference may be made to the resource. , 2006) For more examples, including five or more authors, references that have the same year and several of the same authors, and two citations with the same author and same year, please see our "Formatting Author's in In-Text Citations" Guide. In-Text Citations. If you are directly quoting from the source, you must also include the page number, and enclose the quote in double quotation marks. American Psychological Association rules for formatting papers, in-text citations, and end references. This resource, revised according to the 6th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. APA Referencing Basics: In-Text Citation. Use the following guidelines to determine how to correctly cite works by multiple authors in text. Citation Basics. With APA referencing, secondary citations are indicated using the phrase "as cited in" in the in-text citation. This is a complete guide to APA (American Psychological Association) in-text and reference list citations. The following are APA citation examples : Works by a single author, the last name of the author and the year of publication are inserted in the text at the appropriate point (Simon, 1945). See the page for referencing chapters in an edited book. Brief in-text citations point the reader to more complete information in the reference list at the end of the paper. 24 APA 6e Guide: Based on Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. " when citing a work multiple times which has three, four, or five authors. If you use a text that has six or more authors, cite the last name of the first author followed by et al. In-text citations are brief. The lowercase letter is determined by the source's position in the reference list. Test your understanding of the APA Style rules on in-text citations by working through this short exercise. Bibliographic Citation Please Note: This handout is based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association , 6th edition, 2010. Flannigan and McBride (2001) state the results (Flannigan & McBride, 2001). 199), but she did not offer an explanation as to why. If you are paraphrasing an author who was cited in an article by a second author (this is the article you read), then it would look like this:. There are three major styles of citation: APA, MLA, and Chicago/Turabian. For items with one or two authors, include both names. Note: Multiple citations to different works from the one author from the same year are distinguished by assigning a, b, c, to the citations in text and also in the reference list. When you have an author with multiple works written in different years, the date indicates which source the reference reflects. The APA Style uses a basic author-date citation style, where cited references are then listed in an APA Style Reference List, but what happens when the names get complicated? Professional titles like Captain, authors with only one name, and authors who change their names—all of these can cause confusion to those using the APA Style. Order the citations of two or more works by different authors within the same parentheses alphabetically in the same order in which they appear in the reference list (including citations that would otherwise shorten to et al. APA in-text citation style uses the. If each chapter is written by the same author, just cite the entire book. American Psychological Association rules for formatting papers, in-text citations, and end references. Use the first author and et al. The complete references for anything you cite in text are listed alphabetically in the reference list at the end of your paper. Papers written in APA style have brief, in-text citations that identify the author and year of publication. Instead, try some of the following ways to cite multiple sources in the same paragraph without sounding clunky. First Citation- Author in the Sentence: If you first cite a source in the text of a sentence, you do not need to include the Date in any subsequent citations that are also in the text of the sentence. The following format will be used: In-Text Citation (Paraphrase) - entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words. com If there are more than three, four, or five authors, first cite all the authors in the parenthetical citation, then for following references, cite the first author followed by “et al. If you have paraphrased, summarised or quoted another author, you need to provide an in-text citation. As the IPY Data and Information Service program is no longer active, this document is available via the Internet Archive. APA In-text Citations This handout will help answer questions that you may have about using APA Documentation when writing a research paper. " when citing a work multiple times which has three, four, or five authors. The following example uses APA style (Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, 2010) for the journal citation: This Annotated Bibliography from the Lake-Sumter State College is a good example of APA style citations, accompanied by concise and descriptive annotations. Follow the same text that was used in the title, such as italics: Naturopathic Signal Phrase If you refer to the author's citation in a sentence you do not have to apa the multiple again as part of your in-text author, instead include the date after the citation and the page number if there is one at the end of the author or paraphrased format. for an APA college essay. It identifies and helps locate the full source in the reference list. Only the final name in the list is preceded by an ampersand (“&”), for example: (Taylor, Johnson, & Parker, 2019). In-text parenthetical citations are used to give credit to the authors whose ideas or thoughts are used within the document. From a novice’s research question to a graduate student’s thesis, the three levels of NoodleTools provide a mental model for research and a common language across faculty and disciplines. 12] Use the authors' surnames, the date of publication, page and/or paragraph numbers Do not include initials or full names of the authors' first names. Place in-press citations last. Only the final name in the list is preceded by an ampersand ("&"), for example: (Taylor, Johnson, & Parker, 2019). In APA Style, there are two elements needed to properly cite each of your sources: The reference list entry - information about the article that appears at the end of your paper in the list of references. No periods at end of citation (every citation should end with a period). APA Style for Citing References APA style requires two elements for citing outside sources: brief parenthetical citations in the text of a paper, and a detailed References list at the end. Two authors • Cite both authors every time you cite within the text. It is not difficult to follow such principles. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes,. in subsequent references: Bonoldi, Emanuele, and Politi  (2009) found [1st citation in text] Further more (Bonoldi et al. There are specific formatting guidelines for both types of author. Always cite both names every time the reference occurs in the text:. APA citation style for books with an author(s) A single author: Two or more authors, but less than six:. National Geographic. 11) APA style uses an author-date format for in-text citations. As the IPY Data and Information Service program is no longer active, this document is available via the Internet Archive. Multiple works by different authors with the same last name should be alphabetized by the author’s first initial: If a work is authored by a group or corporation, alphabetize it by the first main word in the group’s name. ) Philosophy of apacite The rst priority of apacite is to implement the rules of the APA manual with regard to citation and reference list as closely as possible. In-Text Citations: Rules for Author/Authors: APA has important rules to follow on using author names as part of the author-date system. Insert a citation to a single Zotero item with 3 authors at (B) 4. (2006) (Reed et al. List the sources alphabetically (by author's last name or by title if no author is given) in the order they appear in the References. )" without the quotation marks. In this guide, the in-text citation examples shown to the left for specific sources are for paraphrases and summaries (Author-Date pattern). Two citations by the same author published in the same year: Wienhorst (2010a), Wienhorst (2010b) Two citations by the same author in the same text citation: Wienhorst (2010a, 2010b) Examples: Two authors. Using APA, how do I cite a website article with no author? The website is WebMD. At the very least this includes the URL. If "in press" is used, place dash between "press" and relevant letter eg. Do check with the instructor before including DOI or the document number in the reference list entry. Instead, introduce the author with a full in-text citation at the beginning of the paragraph and then, again, at the end. APA is the citation style used by the Health Professions, Sciences, and for in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and your bibliography or reference page. A compact but comprehensive guide to writing clearly and effectively in APA style. If the information for the in text citation is all included in a parenthetical phrase an ampersand is used to separate the next to last and last authors, e. For items with one or two authors, include both names. Use the abbreviation "et al" in subsequent citations. APA in-text citations consist of the author's family name and year of publication. It also has rules for citing indirect sources, electronic sources and sources without page numbers. In-text (also called parenthetical) citations follow the author date format in APA style. APA In-Text Citation Models This page will show some of the unique references you may encounter and have difficulty citing, with examples of how to properly write the according in-text citation. 12): 1-2: Always use each author’s name. Two Authors—APA If a work has two authors, give both names in each citation. Be aware of how to cite a work with multiple authors, and how this format will change after the first citation. The names of some group authors are spelled out in the first citation and abbreviated thereafter. • APA citation examples of source types, including: o Popular and scholarly sources o Audiovisual media • Tips and examples for citing online sources • Creating parenthetical, in-text citations, including: o Formatting parenthetical citations and block quotes o Citing sources with multiple authors and corporate authors. Please feel welcome to explore all of these nuances for yourself if you wish, and recognize that some professors will insist that you conform to a particular style. In-text citations generally consist of the surname(s) of the author(s), the year of. Cite all authors the first time and then only the first author followed by et al. Three to five Authors. If a reference is repeated, do not give it another number; rather, use the original reference number. For multiple authors, use a comma after each name, and an & (ampersand) sign before the last author. Six authors or more: Never use them all in the in-text citation. All authors. In Harvard referencing, if there are more than two authors ‘et al’ is used throughout the text. IN-TEXT CITATIONS. All authors. The author's last name and the year of publication should appear in any in text citation. don't put 2014a, b, c. Uses the author and year in parentheses as the in-text citation. , Jones (1998) found or Jones (1998) has found. , & Jones, R. Note: We are in the process of updating this guide from the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association to the 7th edition of this manual. However, in some cases this is not possible. For example: (Rabkin, Greenberg, and Olander vii) For works with more than three authors, use the first author's last name followed by et al. If the author's name is in your text, you do not need to repeat it in the in-text citation. Grows with students, novice to expert. Smith (1982) has often described a writer as having two competitive roles: author and secretary. APA is the citation style used by the Health Professions, Sciences, and for in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and your bibliography or reference page. The issue is that many referencing systems use the author’s surname and the year of publication in citations. Two Authors—APA If a work has two authors, give both names in each citation. Example … to analyse the issue Nelson (8) discusses Anagonye's research into …. If the author's name is in your text, you do not need to repeat it in the in-text citation. In line with the Publication handbook regarding the American Psychological Association (6th version), in-text citations give your readers fundamental information regarding the sources you built upon in your quest. Multiple Sources With the Same Author and Year You will need to differentiate between sources with the same author and publication date by adding a lowercase letter to the publication year. For citations that have 6 or more authors, cite the surname of the first author followed by "et al. Citation Credit: APA is an acronym for American Psychological Association. In-Text Citations. Include these parts in any of the following three ways: <<. APA Citation Rules: the fundamentals purchase and framework of in-text citation content. 1 "Basic Citation Styles" in the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition. (Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year) NOTE: Although the first in-text citation for a work with three to five authors/editors includes all of the names of the authors/editors, subsequent citations include only the first author's/editor's surname, followed by et al. In In-text Citations. In-text citations are brief. After clarifying relevant research analyses from every author, one in-text citation is place at the end of one research then joined with the second research which is similarly cited in MLA format. No author: when author information is not available, use the source title to replace the author's position. APA Citation Worksheets (based on APA 6th ed. In APA design, the date of book is essential. When the first authors of multiple references have the same surname but different initials, include initials for the first authors in the in-text citations. It tells your reader where you found any information or ideas that are not your own. As you are writing the rest of the paragraph, refer back to that source as needed so that your reader knows you are continuing to use that same source. For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and an example will be provided. Jackson are cited with initials in the text because the other Jackson is not first author. PARENTHETICAL CITATIONS Ò Used within the text Ò Provides a link to the full. Second and all other in-text citations: does not change (see above) Three to five authors for a single source; First in-text citation: (Author one, Author two, Author three & Author four) (Sun, Cornell, Petty & Wegner, 2015) Second and all other in-text citations: (Author one et al. In-Text Citations APA citations should include the author’s name and the year of publication (a page number is optional). The first time you cite the work in-text, provide each author's last name and the year of publication. , 2006) For more examples, including five or more authors, references that have the same year and several of the same authors, and two citations with the same author and same year, please see our "Formatting Author's in In-Text Citations" Guide. There are three points in text (A), (B), and (C) appearing in the order listed 2. " in text for even the first citation, as if you had already named the authors: e. ) When the names in a multiple-author citation occur within the text or narrative they should be joined by using the word ‘and’, but if they occur within parentheses (round. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. It identifies and helps locate the full source in the reference list. The names of some group authors are spelled out in the first citation and abbreviated thereafter. As per the rule of APA citation, these rules apply to in text citation. George was looking for in apa format do you put page numbers in text citations Seth Williams […]. This Apa Multiple Authors In Text Citations pictures that you can download for free in Blackbackpub. REFERENCE TECHNIQUES: Tips for the use of electronic sources HARVARD method and APA style In-text reference where the author of the source is known or citation. However, what abou the chapter title? Do I state it, or just the book title and page numbers. Excluding the author from the in-text citation: If you mention the author(s) by name in Including page numbers for a direct quote: When citing ideas verbatim from authors, APA 6 requires that the first six authors be listed, followed by three. Off Campus Library Services Indiana Wesleyan University. If two authors have the same last name, include the first initial(s). APA format for in-text citations (pp. After reading some messages in here, I have checked for the following: Edit > Output styles > Edit "APA 6th", then Citations/Author Lists, and it is currently ticked for:. APA in-text citations consist of the author's family name and year of publication. If some of this information is included in the body of the sentence, exclude it from the parenthetical citation. Type of citation First citation in text Subsequent citations in text Parenthetical format, first citation in text Parenthetical format, subsequent citations in text One work by one author Green (2010) Green (2010) (Green, 2010) (Green, 2010) One work by two authors. If you are dealing with one editor instead of one author, you would simply insert the editor's name in the place where the author's name is now, followed by "(Ed. What if the first two authors are the same on two different papers? Is it the same regardless of citation style? Read on to remove your confusion about multiple authors in-text citations. Six authors or more: Never use them all in the in-text citation. include an in-text citation when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. The formatting does not vary due to format type, however it may deviate from the norm due to factors such as: number of authors, organization instead of individual author, lack of author, or lack of date. In certain sources no person or team author is listed. If you are directly quoting from the source, you must also include the page number, and enclose the quote in double quotation marks. Include the page number for direct quotes. Using this method of referencing, the citations in your work must be included in the final word count. APA is an acronym for American Psychological Association. In-text reference: Include each first author’s initials in all citations. Use an ampersand between the names of two authors in a parenthetical citation; for example, "(Jones & Smith, 2010). APA Citation of Sources On the Internet. There are three points in text (A), (B), and (C) appearing in the order listed 2. Academic Writing and APA Style Dafina-Lazarus (D-L) Stewart Department of Higher Education and Student Affairs Bowling Green State University Fall 2015 With thanks over the years to Christina Lunceford, Maureen Wilson, Mike Dannells, Denise Davidson, & Barb Toth. in subsequent references: Bonoldi, Emanuele, and Politi  (2009) found [1st citation in text] Further more (Bonoldi et al. Setting up a BibTeX Bibliographic Database. , 2009) [Subsequent citations] Six or more authors. for subsequent references. Reference citations for electronic publications! When in doubt, locate all of the information needed to cite an electronic publication as if it were a print document. Here are some possible ways to handle it. In-text citations are brief. APA uses the author's last. For more guidelines, view sections 6. Add a comma after the second last name and close the parentheses. In most cases you would simply list the author names. Here are two examples:. Instead, try some of the following ways to cite multiple sources in the same paragraph without sounding clunky. These group authors are spelled out in every text citation. MLA uses the author’s last name and the page number as reference. This is called a Parenthetical Citation because you will put brief information about the work in parentheses. (the secondary source) cite multiple research studies by Hargittai and Feldman, Jones and Czerniewicz, and Hope (the original sources):. Test your understanding of the APA Style rules on in-text citations by working through this short exercise. Use “&” between authors within parenthetical citation. , year) (Sun et al. What if a source has multiple authors? What would that look like? You list all the authors the first time you cite them in-text (if your source has up to 5 authors). Subsequent citations in text. Books can be revised and republished: each revision is considered a new edition of the same book. Give the authors' surnames once; for each subsequent work, give only the date. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is the APA's official citation guide and provides a more detailed explanation of how to use APA style. One report describes 2,123 occurrences (Krait & Cooper, 1994). George was looking for in apa format do you put page numbers in text citations Seth Williams […]. According to Franks (2017), he is a vegetarian and only hunts for sport. APA: In-text Citations One Work by Multiple Authors: When citing a source with multiple authors, the rules are different depending on the number of authors. Use “&” instead of “and. second time: Smith et al. 202) The general format below refers to a book with one author. In a narrative MLA in-text citation, separate the two last names with the word "and. The difference between APA and Harvard referencing can be seen in a number of aspects since there are multiple minor differences between the two. If a work has three, four, or five authors, you must cite all authors the first time you reference the. The citation should also include the author’s name and year of publication for the text where you found the inaccessible source referenced:. Note: When using multiple authors' names as part of your narrative, rather than in parentheses, always spell out the word and. In-text citations are brief. In-text citations typically appear at the end of the sentence, between the last word and the period. How you reference different sources varies depending on the number of authors to whom the source is attributed. Example One researcher, Carol Gilligan (2005), concluded that "women impose a distinctive construction on moral problems" (p. For citations in brackets with two authors the ‘&’ symbol is used. Example: Last name, First name and First name Last name. Give all the authors names for the first in-text citation, then use et al. In-Text One Work by Two to Five Authors [6. , One recent study finds a genetic link to alcoholism (Jones, 1997). If the author's name is in your text, you do not need to repeat it in the in-text citation. Three to Five Authors or Editors Tips for creating in-text. Citations in the Text The information presented in a literature review or research repo rt is a combination of new ideas and data that originate with the writer(s) plus ideas and data that have been "borrowed" from earlier work by other authors. 2 Authors. The in-text citation - brief information that appears in the body of your paper to indicate a direct quote or paraphrase. If you are quoting directly the page number should be included, if given. These citations include the surname of the author and date of publication only. APA recognizes that corporations, associations, government agencies, and study groups can serve as authors (see APA, section 6. The names of some group authors are spelled out in the first citation and abbreviated thereafter. For citations that have 6 or more authors, cite the surname of the first author followed by “et al. Initials help the reader to avoid confusion within the text and to locate the entry in the list of references. Quoting, paraphrasing, and citing secondary sources (an author quoted or cited by the author you are reading) in APA style can be confusing. The format for the citation for short and long quotes, a quote of four lines or more, will differ as is illustrated in the examples in the APA sample in-text citations document. National Geographic. That would look clunky and make your writing stilted. Now imagine a surname is repeated in different references. You can include up to five names of the authors, but in the subsequent in-text citation for works with more than two authors, write only the last name of the first author followed by et al. 2 Authors. Both authors. Check out the basic in-text citation format required for APA here. author-date citation system. • APA citation examples of source types, including: o Popular and scholarly sources o Audiovisual media • Tips and examples for citing online sources • Creating parenthetical, in-text citations, including: o Formatting parenthetical citations and block quotes o Citing sources with multiple authors and corporate authors. ) in your paper, while the second lists ALL the works you have consulted (even those you don't quote, etc.